According to the Constitution, all Turkish citizens over 18 years of age have the right to vote in elections and to take part in referendums. One third of the Assembly is enough to hold a session. The decisions are taken by an absolute majority vote of those present.
The President is the Head of State and represents the unity of the Turkish Nation. He oversees the workings of the Constitution and ensures that the departments of the state function harmoniously. He is elected for a period of seven years. His duties include calling the parliament to session, publishing laws, returning laws to parliament for reconsideration, deciding upon renewal of parliamentary elections, appointing the Prime Minister or accepting his resignation.
|The Cabinet which is politically
responsible to the Legislature is composed of the
Prime Minister and the ministers. After the
general elections, the leader of the party
winning the majority is appointed as the Prime
minister by the President. The ministers are
selected by the Prime Minister but again
appointed by the President.
In addition to 15 state ministers, the government is formed of the following ministries; Justice, National Defense, Finance and Customs, National Education, Public Works and Housing, Health, Transport, Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Labor and Social Security, Industry and Commerce, Energy and Natural Resources, Culture, Tourism, Forestry, the Environment, Home and Foreign Affairs,
|The local administration system was
established to meet the common needs of the
people living in a specific region and is managed
by bodies elected by those people.|
The three types of local administration operating in Turkey are the municipalities, provincial local governments, and the villages.
All municipalities are public corporate entities. Municipal organizations must be set up in all provincial and district centers. Besides carrying out duties related to health and social assistance, public works, education, agriculture, the economy and the well-being of its citizens, municipalities are required to take the necessary measures to meet all civic needs. These include municipal services including law enforcement, collection of municipal taxes, duties, fees, and domestic refuge. They also provide drinking water, gas, electricity and public transport facilities.
The Mayor is the chief executive and representative of the municipality and is elected for a term of five years.
b)Provincial Local Governments
The functions of the provincial local government organizations can be grouped as follows:
The governor, the representative of the central administration, is also the head of the provincial local government and its chief executive. The governor usually acts in line with the decisions made by the provincial general assembly.
A village is formed by people living in scattered or closely packed houses with their yards, gardens and land, together with their common property such as a mosque, school or pasture.
A village administration is formed in villages where at least 150 people live. This administration is a corporate entity.
The basic body in the village administration is the Village Assembly composed of villagers over the age of 21. This assembly elects the village headman for a term of five years. The headman represents the central administration and supervises the planning and operation of village projects and services.
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The Turkish Grand National Assembly